of its high elevation and its distance to the sea, the climate is harsh.
Summers are short, hot and dry, and winters are long, snowy and very
There is a large shift between day and night time temperatures.
fall are rainy and mild. The coldest temperatures in the country are
here at, (-430-450)
degrees centigrade... The mean temperature in this land
that belongs in the terrestrial climate region of
air in Igdir, which is on the northern slopes of the mountain, is hazy
cold. Dogubeyazit, on the other
hand, which is situated on the southern slope,
boasts of clear skies and warm weather. On
days when one needs a heavy
coat in Igdir, in Dogubeyazit, one can enjoy a walk under clear and
skies wearing just a shirt.
Mountain creates its own weather conditions; meteorological broadcasts
not to be trusted. The peak is
visited frequently by harsh winds, and weather
can change in a split second. Every year several deaths are reported due
changing weather conditions prevailing on the mountain. One needs to be
prepared and not overly insistent about climbing to the top.
summer, the glacier on the peak is subjected to bright sun in the day
and below freezing temperatures in the night. The ice is glass-like.
the temperatures are mild in the day, footing may become softer, but in
conditions one needs to wear crampons. When the conditions are for glass-ice,
crampons are not sufficient; and rope stations have to be established.
the best known mountaineers has lost his life for this reason..
Some times if
there is snow-fall at night, conditions become better for the climb to the
winds at the peak are so fierce and cold that regular gortex
coats are like a sieve offering no protection.
One can be frozen in ten minutes
in a bona-fide storm. One has to
stay home under such extremely windy
conditions, or be heavily protected. Of
course, proper clothing does not stave
off all the danger, because there is always the danger of losing ones
and falling off the glacial passes.
If you want to climb in winter you should know that you
have to carry all your equipments and all services
fee wiil be doubled.
Best season for ski from top is May.
Every 30 Agust there is a traditional climb. People
aimed to be in top on 30th Agust. So be aware to go 28 Agust-02 Sep. Because
hundreds of mountainer will be there and not enough space for tents.
Region Long Term Averages.
Climate of Turkey
Although Turkey is
situated in large Mediterranean geographical location
where climatic conditions are quite temperate, diverse nature of the
and the existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to the
result in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to
other. While the coastal areas enjoy milder climates, the inland
plateau experiences extremes of hot summers and cold winters with
The Aegean and Mediterranean
coasts have cool, rainy winters and hot,
moderately dry summers. Annual precipitation in those areas varies from
to 1,300 millimeters, depending on location. The Black Sea coast receives
greatest amount of rainfall. The eastern part of that receives 2,200
millimeters annually and is the only region of Turkey that receives
rainfall throughout the year.
Turkey's diverse regions have
different climates because of irregular
topography. Taurus Mountains is close to the coast and rain clouds
penetrate to the interior part of the country. Rain clouds drops most of
water on the coastal area. As rain clouds pass over the mountains and
central Anatolia they have no significant capability to produce of rain. In
Eastern region of Anatolia, the elevation of mountains exceeds 2500-3000
Northern Black Sea Mountains and Caucasian Mountain hold the rain
and therefor the area is affected by the continental climate with long and
cold winter. Minimum temperatures of -30°C to -38°C are observed in
the mountainous areas in the east, and snow may lie on the ground 120
days of the year. Winters are bitterly cold with frequent, heavy
Villages in thee region remain isolated for several days during winter storms.
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION OF TURKEY
Summers are hot and dry, with
temperatures above 30°C. Spring and autumn
are generally mild, but during both seasons sudden hot and cold spells
frequently occur in the region Annual precipitation averages about
millimeters with actual amounts determined by elevation.
MEAN TEMPERATURE OF TURKEY
In Istanbul and around the Sea
of Marmara the climate is moderate (winter
4°C and summer 27°C); In winter however the temperatures can drop
zero. In Western Anatolia, there is a mild Mediterranean climate with average
temperatures of 9°C in winter and 29°C in summer. On the southern coast
Anatolia the similar climatic condition are observed. The climate of the
Anatolian Plateau is a steppe climate.
There is a great temperature difference between day and night. Rainfall is
but it usually in form of snow. The average temperature is 23°C in
and -2°C in winter. The climate in the Black Sea area is wet, and humid
(summer 23°C, winter 7°C). In Eastern Anatolia and South-Eastern
there is a long winter, and snow remains on the ground from November
the end of April (the average temperature in winter is -13°C and in
The driest regions are the
Karaman, Iğdır and Şanlıurfa, where annual
rainfall frequently is less than 300 millimeters. The wettest regions are
Black Sea coastal region where annual rainfall can reach 2,200
annually, and the region receives rainfall throughout the year.